The Cement Formulae Handbook (Version 2.0) is an outcome of the ... III Flame Momentum Calculation 16 IV Kiln Performance & Efficiency 17 V Heat Transfer 19 VI Economic Insulation Thickness 21 VII Physical Chemistry 25 VIII Useful Formulae in Kiln Design & 26 Operation IX Grinding Mill Investigation 28 X Tromp Curve Calculation and 31 Significance